Understand Cardiac Arrest, its Causes, and How to Overcome it

Cadiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest is an emergency health condition that can be deadly, and it can be risky for anyone.

This emergency condition has a golden time and a short period of time, so delays in treatment are often the main cause of death due to this condition. 


Losing someone due to cardiac arrest is certainly a shocking condition. The reason is that this short-lived incident is often considered an illness that comes suddenly. 

Therefore, efforts need to be made to treat and prevent it in order to avoid risks. 

So, how do you avoid cardiac arrest? For that reason, let's study the following article carefully.

Understanding Cardiac Arrest

Before knowing how to deal with it, let's first get acquainted with cardiac arrest. 

Cardiac arrest is a medical condition that occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood. 

As a result, blood circulation from the heart to the rest of the body stops. 

Because blood does not flow, oxygen is not supplied to the body's vital organs. 

As a result, sufferers lose awareness and response to their surroundings. Please note that this condition occurs without warning and within a short time, so first aid must be given quickly. 

Cardiac arrest is often confused with a heart attack, even though the two are different cases. 

When a heart attack occurs due to blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle, cardiac arrest itself is a condition where the heart stops suddenly. 

The symptoms felt by sufferers are usually a feeling of discomfort in the chest or wind, shortness of breath, a fast heartbeat, and a feeling of weakness in the body. 

If this condition appears, please hurry to see a doctor.

From another person's point of view, when cardiac arrest occurs, there are clinical characteristics. 

The characteristics are that the body suddenly collapses and loses consciousness, loses its pulse, and does not respond to all forms of stimulation. Sufferers also do not breathe with pale or bluish skin. 

Causes of cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest does not occur without a cause. 

This condition can occur because parts of the electrical system in the heart experience problems. 

According to research, disturbances in the electrical system of the heart can cause ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation is a type of heart rhythm disturbance that occurs in the heart chambers.

When ventricular fibrillation occurs, the sinoatrial (SA) node in the right chamber of the heart is unable to send electrical signals properly. 

Meanwhile, the SA node itself functions to regulate the speed at which the heart pumps blood. 

When this happens, the heart rhythm can change drastically, and the heart's pumping can stop. 

The problem of ventricular fibrillation does not occur without a cause. 

The following are a number of causes of heart problems:

1. Heart Attack

Although it is a different clinical condition, a heart attack can trigger cardiac arrest. 

The reason is that, when a heart attack occurs, scar tissue forms on the heart. 

This can trigger disturbances in the heart rhythm, potentially causing cardiac arrest. 

2. Coronary Arteries

Coronary arteries are a disease in which the arteries become deposited with cholesterol or calcium, causing blockages. 

As a result, blood flow to the heart can be disrupted. When it lasts for a long time, this can cause cardiac arrest. 

3. Enlargement of the Heart

Heart enlargement, or cardiomyopathy, is the enlargement of the heart muscle due to stretching or thickening.

Due to enlargement, the heart muscle weakens, causing an irregular heart rhythm. 

This can trigger a cardiac arrest. 

4. Various heart diseases

Another cause of cardiac arrest is, of course, heart disease itself. 

Heart diseases that cause cardiac arrest can vary, such as congenital heart disease, heart valve disease, ischemic heart disease, and hereditary heart problems. 

Congenital heart disease itself is usually detected at birth. This disease can be cured through medication or surgery. 

Another disease that can trigger heart disease is valve abnormalities. The valve can leak and trigger cardiac arrest. 

Apart from that, there is also ischemic heart disease. 

This disease occurs due to plaque buildup in the coronary arteries, triggering blood clots that reduce blood flow to the heart muscle. 

This is the biggest factor in cardiac arrest. 

5. Production of the Adrenaline Hormone, which Triggers Cardiac Arrest

Production of the hormone adrenaline, such as during intense exercise, can trigger cardiac arrest. 

However, please note that this will only happen to people who have heart problems. 

Therefore, get yourself checked so that heart disease and the risk of cardiac arrest can be identified early. 

How to Overcome Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest can be overcome if you have the right knowledge.

Therefore, everyone must have knowledge of how to deal with cardiac arrest in order to maximize the life chances of other people affected by cardiac arrest.

Here's how to solve it. 

1. Perform CPR.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure used to manually maintain blood flow and oxygenation to the brain and vital organs when a person's heart has stopped beating.

Remember, timely and correct CPR can significantly increase the chances of survival for someone experiencing cardiac arrest.

2. Defibrillation

Once CPR has been given, the cardiac arrest sufferer will be given further treatment in the form of defibrillation by medical personnel. 

This process involves a defibrator, which can provide a shock effect on the heart when attached to the patient's chest. This process is carried out by medical personnel.

3. Take the patient to the emergency room

If you find a case of cardiac arrest close to health services, immediately rush to the hospital. 

The reason is that intense treatment is needed for this case. 

By being immediately rushed to the hospital, the patient can immediately get medication that can stabilize the heart rhythm. 

While some diseases can increase the risk of cardiac arrest, it's important to remember that:


Not all cases of cardiac arrest are caused by pre-existing conditions. Other factors like accidents, drug overdoses, and severe allergic reactions can also trigger it.

Many cardiac arrest-related diseases are manageable. Early diagnosis and proper treatment can significantly reduce the risk of complications, including cardiac arrest.

Focusing solely on health insurance as a risk management tool is incomplete. 

While insurance can be helpful in covering treatment costs, prioritizing healthy lifestyle choices, regular checkups, and managing existing conditions through medication and other therapies are crucial for prevention.

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